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Dynamics Therapy Group
Dynamics Newsletter | Volume 113 November 2023
Fine Motor Skill

Children explore the environment and learn about things around them through play and often times, through the use of their hands. It is through touching, pulling, pushing and manipulating that children learn about the properties of objects and how to engage with them. Although it may appear like play, fine motor skills are inadvertently developed when children fiddle with toys and things around them.

Fine motor skills are the different intricate movements one makes with the intrinsic muscles in the hands. The small muscles in the hand work in isolation or tandem to allow for various grasps, grips and actions. It is important to teach and allow children to use their hands and fingers in different ways to increase dexterity and hand strength. It will prepare the child for writing and promote independence in self-care.

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There are many ways to promote the
development of fine motor skills:
Pincer Grasp

1. Pincer Grasp

Encourage your child to self-feed by using their fingers to pick up cereal or small tidbits. Parents or caregivers can provide small portions of cereal or tidbits for the child to pick up one at a time.

2. Lacing

Make a necklace using beads or cereal loops threaded onto a string. Use larger beads and a thicker string for younger children and smaller beads with a thinner string for older children.

Tripod grasp

3. Tripod Grasp Development for Writing

Foster the ability to pick up small items, such as cotton balls, cereal, or small toy pieces, using tongs. Ensure that the child's fingers are correctly positioned on the tongs and not wrapped around them.

4. Pinch Strength

Improve pinch strength by having the child squeeze clothes pegs. These pegs can be labeled with letters of the alphabet or the child's name, allowing for creative arrangement.

Hand Strength

5. Hand Strength

Encourage children to craft various items using Playdough and molds, providing a safe and enjoyable way to explore tools and utensils. They can mold food items and engage in pretend cutting and eating, which also helps strengthen hand muscles. For older children, consider using Plasticine and modeling clay.

6. Development of Hand Arches

Development of Hand ArchesAllow your child to play with sand and engage in activities that involve scooping with their hands, such as games that require throwing dice, promoting the bilateral cupping of hands.

By engaging in these activities, your child will not only prepare for pre-writing skills but also become more independent in self-care tasks like dressing and eating. These essential skills are valuable as your child prepares to enter school.

Success Story
Ella's Handwriting Improvement
Ella's Handwriting Improvement

Occupational Therapy improved 7-year-old Ella's handwriting, allowing her to form letters better and write on the line, impressing her teachers and mother.

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